レジリエンスの資質的要因・獲得的要因の分類の試み:――二次元レジリエンス要因尺度(BRS)の作成 A Study of the Classification of Resilience Factors: Development of the Bidimensional Resilience Scale (BRS)

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Abstract

レジリエンスは誰もが身につけられる精神的回復力であると言われているが,レジリエンスを導く多様な要因の中には後天的に身につけやすいものと,そうでないものがあると考えられる。本研究では,それらの資質的・獲得的な要因を分けて捉えるために,Cloningerの気質–性格理論(TCI)を用いて二次元レジリエンス要因尺度(BRS)を作成することを目的とした。大学生ら246名を対象に調査を行い,TCIとの関連性から選出された項目の探索的因子分析により,資質的レジリエンス要因として「楽観性」「統御力」「社交性」「行動力」,獲得的レジリエンス要因として「問題解決志向」「自己理解」「他者心理の理解」の7因子が見出された。さらに759名へ調査を行い,確認的高次因子分析および既存尺度との関連から,BRSの二次元構造と妥当性が確認された。また,TCIの気質・性格との関連性から,下位尺度の基準関連妥当性が確認された。

Resilience is a characteristic of everyone, but some aspects of resilience are easy to imbibe, whereas others are not. This study developed a Bidimensional Resilience Scale (BRS) using Cloninger's Temperament/Character model (TCI) as the criteria to consider separately the innate factors and acquired factors of resilience. A questionnaire was administered to 246 college students, and seven factors were extracted through factor analysis according to their relevance based on the TCI. Innate resilience factors included optimism, control, sociability, and vitality; acquired resilience factors included attempting to solve a problem, self-understanding, and understanding others. The resulting BRS questionnaire was administered to 759 people. The bidimensional structure and the validity of the BRS were examined through higher-order factor analysis and comparison of relevancy with existing measures. Finally, criterion-related validity was examined for the resulting terms of the relevancy of innate/acquired resilience factors and the temperament/character factors from the TCI.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Personality

    The Japanese Journal of Personality 19(2), 94-106, 2010

    Japan Society of Personality Psychology

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000442489
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11873802
  • Text Lang
    UNK
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1348-8406
  • NDL Article ID
    10947633
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS2(科学技術--心理学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B175
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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