Progress in Impurity-Related Physics Experiments in LHD

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Author(s)

    • MORITA Shigeru
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • ASHIKAWA Naoko
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • FUJII Keisuke
    • Department of Engineering Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
    • GAO Xiang
    • Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Hefei 230031, China
    • HASUO Masahiro
    • Department of Engineering Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
    • IDA Katsumi
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • IWAMAE Atsushi
    • Naka Fusion Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka 311-0193, Ibaraki, Japan
    • KANEKO Osamu
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • DONG Chunfeng
    • Department of Fusion Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • OSAKABE Masaki
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • SHOJI Mamoru
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • GOTO Motoshi
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • TANAKA Kenji
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • TOI Kazuo
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • YAMADA Hiroshi
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • KOMORI Akio
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • MUTO Sadatsugu
    • National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
    • YAMAZAKI Kozo
    • Department of Energy Engineering and Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
    • ZHOU Hangyu
    • Department of Fusion Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan

Abstract

A variety of density profiles observed in the Large Helical Device (LHD) have suggested an interesting core impurity transport. The edge impurity transport in the ergodic layer formed by stochastic magnetic field lines with long connection length (10-2000 m) can also exhibit interesting phenomena in the competition of perpendicular and parallel transport. The LHD discharge is highly robust against impurity buildup, and operation is possible essentially up to the global power balance limit because current-driven instability does not principally exist. The LHD plasma has therefore provided information on many interesting physics issues closely related to impurities. Recent results of impurity-related physics experiments in the LHD are briefly reviewed. The specific contents presented here are (1) core impurity behavior with perpendicular transport, (2) edge impurity behavior with parallel transport, (3) high-Z discharges with high ion temperature, (4) impurity pellet injection with improved plasma performance, (5) impurity pellet ablation in the presence of energetic ions with high heat flux and (6) observation of magnetic dipole forbidden transitions for high-Z elements. A result from the Compact Helical System (CHS) is used only in the impurity pellet ablation study, because detailed data have not yet been obtained from the LHD. Finally, the results are summarized and future directions in these topics are noted.

Journal

  • Plasma and Fusion Research

    Plasma and Fusion Research (5), S2004-S2004, 2010

    The Japan Society of Plasma Science and Nuclear Fusion Research

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