Studies on Lipoprotein and Adrenal Steroidogenesis: I. Roles of Low Density Lipoprotein- and High Density Lipoprotein- Cholesterol in Steroid Production in Cultured Human Adrenocortical Cells.
Access this Article
Search this Article
The roles of human low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol on adrenal steroidogenesis were investigated using cultured human adult and fetal adrenocortical cells and the findings were then compared to those obtained with bovine adrenocortical cells.<BR>The secretion of cortisol in both human and bovine adrenocortical cells was dose-dependently increased by the administration of LDL-or HDLcholesterol in the presence of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH). LDL-cholesterol was utilized to a greater extent than HDL-cholesterol in both human and bovine adrenal steroidogenesis in the presence of ACTH. Exogenous lipoproteinderived cholesterol was less utilized in human adrenal steroidogenesis than in bovine adrenal steroidogenesis, compared to the endogenous cholesterol.<BR>An increase in the secretion of cortisol and dehydroepi androsterone sulfate (DHEA-S) continued for the 5-day culture period, in the presence of lipoprotein cholesterol and ACTH in both human adult and fetal adrenocortical cells. The secretion of aldosterone increased on the first day of the culture period, then gradually decreased for the 5-day culture period in human adult adrenocortical cells, but not in human fetal adrenocortical cells in the presence of lipoprotein cholesterol and ACTH.<BR>These findings demonstrate that exogenous cholesterol utilized in the biosynthesis of steroids is mainly from LDL-cholesterol in both human adult and fetal adrenals and bovine adrenal and the proportion of cholesterol synthesized <I>de novo</I> is significantly larger in the human adult adrenal than in the bovine adrenal.
- Endocrinologia Japonica
Endocrinologia Japonica 34(5), 635-645, 1987
The Japan Endocrine Society