オーストリア・ウィーン市におけるグリーンベルト政策の変遷と近年の動向に関する考察 [in Japanese] The History and Latest Policies on the Vienna Green Belt [in Japanese]
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The purpose of this study is to investigate the history and recent policies on the Vienna green belt and to discuss its future direction. In 1905 the "Viennese wood and meadow belt" was formally established as a conserved open space area by the Vienna city council. Since then the green belt has been enlarged by strengthening restrictions in other areas. Today it comprises about half the area of Vienna.In the latest urban development plan ("STEP05") the conservation and further expansion of the green belt was expressed as a key objective. In our study we introduce some of the key policies for achieving this objective. For example, the Agricultural-Structural Development Plan ("AgSTEP") to conserve suburban agricultural land and the Biosphere Park Wienerwald, an initiative by UNESCO to ensure the conservation of the green belt by strengthening its biodiversity. In conclusion, the Vienna green belt can now be regarded as a regional scale open space planning scheme to secure the existing characteristics of Vienna and its surrounding regions. For the strengthening of this direction, a "layering approach" which applies several policies together is established.
- Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture
Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture 71(5), 797-800, 2008
Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture