言語発達遅滞児の言語訓練における待機動作 VTRによる1試行分析:―VTRによる1試行分析―  [in Japanese] A Study of Preparatory Behaviors in Language-Delayed Children. Utilization of a VCR Analysis System.:—Utilization of a VCR Analysis System—  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

スモールステップに基づく言語発達遅滞児の言語訓練において, 児の微細な反応やセラピストの働きかけの技法を明らかにするため, VTR録画を用い必要に応じフレーム単位の画像を抽出し, 1試行ごとに分析を行う方法を提示した.<BR>このVTRによる1試行分析を音声記号未習得の3症例に実施し, 待機動作について検討した.待機動作とは, 言語記号の受・発信行動の成立途上に現れる行動でセラピストや刺激項ないし見本項の方に手をあげたり, 掌をヒラッと返したりするものである.VTR分析の結果, 3症例に受信 (理解) 課題と発信 (表現) 課題時に待機動作が観察された.待機動作は対象物に定位する志向反応の後, かつ目標とする反応の前に生じ, 受信や発信行動の体制化の重要な指標であることが明らかとなった.待機動作のように子供にみられる微細な行動を発見し, 確認し, 記述するためには, VTR分析は有効であると考えられる.

A behavioral analysis system which utilizes a VCR and a video printer was developed to investigate the interaction between a language-delayed child and the clinician. The responding behaviors of three languageless children with moderate to severe mental retardation were analyzed with this system focusing on preparatory behaviors.<BR>All three children demonstrated preparatory behaviors just before starting to display expected responses. From the results it appears that preparatory behavior is one of the characteristic behaviors which are observed in the process of language acquisition.<BR>Preparatory behaviors: behaviors of manual response (e. g. hand-raising or hand-turning) which children demonstrate prior to giving expected responses such as showing an object. These uniform behaviors are seen in the language-learning stage after the emergence of orientational responses (e. g. looking at an object) .

Journal

  • The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

    The Japan Journal of Logopedics and Phoniatrics 34(2), 203-215, 1993

    The Japan Society of Logopedics and Phoniatrics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000993600
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0030-2813
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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