Management and Treatment of Osteoporosis in Patients Receiving Long-term Glucocorticoid Treatment: Current Status of Adherence to Clinical Guidelines and Related Factors

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Author(s)

    • Kirigaya Daijun
    • Japan Association for Development of Community Medicine, Japan|Department of Health Informatics, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Japan
    • Nakayama Takeo
    • Department of Health Informatics, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Japan
    • Ishizaki Tatsuro
    • Department of Health Informatics, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Japan
    • Satoh Toshihiko
    • Kitasato Clinical Research Center, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Japan

Abstract

<b>Objective</b> The aim of this study was to evaluate the adherence of guidelines for the management and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis, and to investigate whether it is associated with factors such as age, gender, glucocorticoid dose, physician specialty, and size of facility.<br> <b>Methods</b> This was a cross-sectional study utilizing administrative data from a database of health insurance claims (2004-2007); 2,368 patients who received glucocorticoid treatment for≥90 days were extracted. The guideline adherence was determined by evaluations based on glucocorticoid prescription dose, prescription of anti-osteoporosis drugs, and whether or not bone mineral density was measured.<br> <b>Results</b> Overall proportion of guideline adherence was 23.3%. In cases in which the equivalent dose of prednisolone was<5 mg/d and≥5 mg/d, the adherence was 8.3% and 30.5% respectively. Factors correlating with low adherence included young age, male gender, and lower glucocorticoid doses. Surgery and otolaryngology specialties had lower adherence than internal medicine. Smaller clinical facilities had lower adherence than larger facilities.<br> <b>Conclusion</b> The adherence of guidelines for the management and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is still low, and improvements in treatment quality can be expected through education of patient groups and medical care providers with large deviations from the guidelines.<br>

Journal

  • Internal Medicine

    Internal Medicine 50(22), 2793-2800, 2011

    The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine

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