〈近代結婚〉の揺らぎ:スウェーデン社会からみた結婚の意義  [in Japanese] The transformation of marriage:The meaning of marriage in Swedish society  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

近年欧米諸国では, 恋愛結婚, 婚外の性交・出産の排除, 法律婚主義, 性別役割分業という特徴をもつ〈近代結婚〉が, フェミニズム・性解放・子どもや同性愛者の人権の視点から批判される。個人単位化されているスウェーデンでは, 性別役割分業体制否定, 婚姻の有無を基準にしない性モラル, 異性間の同棲関係の制度化, 同性間カップル関係の制度化, 婚外子差別の撤廃, 婚姻外の親子関係の確定および養育責任追及の制度化という, 新しい婚姻制度に変容する。婚姻登録の個人的意義は, 経済面における法的権利の保証, 情緒的きずなの確認・強化にあり, さらにパートナー登録では, 「結婚」としての意味, パートナーの配偶者としての公表, 相手の姓使用の意義が加わる。未来社会では, 婚姻制度が遂行してきた父親確定の機能は, DNA鑑定技術の普及により父親確定制度で代替可能となり, また性愛関係の特権化の機能も親密な関係性の変容により不要になるかもしれない。

In many Western industrialized countries, modern marriage, which implies romantic love, exclusion ofnonmarital sex and childbirth, registration of marriage, and sexual division of labor, has been criticized from the point of view of feminism, sexual liberation, human rights of children and gay couples.<BR>Swedish society is based on individualism and forms social institutions of new marriage, which carry denial of sexual division of labor, norm of sexuality irrelevant to marriage, institutionalizing of nonmarital cohabitation and same sex couples, abolition of discrimination against children born outside marriage and institutions of determination of paternity and responsibility for bringing up a child.<BR>In Sweden, the personal meanings of registration of marriage are economical privilege, confirmation and reinforcement of the emotional bond, couples registering partnership have the above meanings, and moreover, meaning as “marriage, ” announcement of a partner as a spouse and use of a common surname. In the future, if the technology of DNA judgment is more generalized, the function of determination of paternity, which has performed through the institution of marriage, may be performed through the institution of determination of paternity instead. Also, if intimate relationships changes, the function of privileging erotic relationships by the institution of marriage may become unnecessary.

Journal

  • Kazoku syakaigaku kenkyu

    Kazoku syakaigaku kenkyu 14(2), 43-53, 2003

    Japan Society of Family Sociology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130001591076
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10092691
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0916-328X
  • NDL Article ID
    6472688
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-3173
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top