関係に対する展望が対人コミュニケーションに及ぼす影響<br>?関係継続の予期と関係継続の意思の観点から?  [in Japanese] The effects of relational development prospect on interpersonal communication: Focusing on the expectation and will to continue a relationship  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究の目的は,関係に対する展望が対人コミュニケーションに及ぼす影響を関係継続の予期と関係継続の意思の観点から検討することである。先行研究では,実験操作による外発的な関係継続の予期に注目していた。そこで本研究では,自発的に生起した関係継続の意思に注目して,これらの関係に対する展望が対人コミュニケーションに及ぼす影響の共通点と相違点を調べた。未知関係20組40名と,友人関係25組50名の大学生が実験に参加した。結果は以下のとおりであった。先行研究と一致して,これからも関係が続いていくと思うときは,コミュニケーションの動機づけが促進されて,対人的志向性の個人差が消失した一方で,その場限りの一時的な関係と思うときは,社会的スキルの高い人ほど,積極的にコミュニケーションに取り組んでいた。また,先行研究では,関係継続の予期があるときは相手を知るために視線量が増加したのに対して,本研究では,関係継続の意思があるときは発話量が増加して,対人コミュニケーションをポジティブに認知していた点が異なっていた。そして,関係継続の意思が対人コミュニケーションに及ぼす影響の程度は,友人関係よりも未知関係において大きかった。<br>

This study investigated how the prospect for development in a relationship affects interpersonal communication, taking into consideration the expectation and will to continue a relationship. Our prior study approached the matter experimentally by extrinsically manipulating the expectation for relational continuation, but this study featured self-initiated, on-going relationships, and examined consistencies and differences between expectancy of an ongoing relationship and will to continue a relationship. Twenty unacquainted dyads and 25 acquainted dyads participated in this experiment. Consistent with our prior study, when the relationship was considered continuous, they were motivated to communicate more, and the influence of individual differences in interpersonal orientation decreased. On the contrary, when the relationship was considered temporary, those with higher social skills conversed more with their partners. Compared to our prior study, there were some new findings. When they expected their relationship to extrinsically continue, they gazed at their partners more, while they talked more and perceived more satisfaction in a conversation with will to continue a relationship. Furthermore, will to continue a relationship influenced interpersonal communication more in unacquainted dyads than in acquainted. <br>

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 51(2), 69-78, 2011

    The Japanese Group Dynamics Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130001923752
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00104794
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-7973
  • NDL Article ID
    023550277
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-716
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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