女性の介護:ライフコース視点からの考察  [in Japanese] Women's Care-giving: Life-Course Analyses  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

少子高齢化が進む中,介護を受ける側である高齢者と介護を担う側である若・中年者の人ロバランスの不均衡が生じている.また,産業構造の変化,低い経済成長,女性の職業意識の向上といった諸々の要因により,女性の被雇用者としての就業は増加の一途をたどっている.こうした戦後の大きな社会変化の中,女性の介護はどのように,またどのような面で,変わってきたのだろうか.本稿は,全国家族調査(NFRJsO1)を用いて,女性の介護経験とその規定要因の歴史的推移の実態についてのコーホート比較を行い,ライフコース視点から考察した.分析の結果,女性の介護経験率は,1940年代生まれの者以降顕著に高くなり,「中年期のいずれかの時点で一度は誰かの介護を行う」女性のライフコースが,この時期からより一般化していることが明らかとなった.また,女性の介護の規定要因については,どのコーホートについても,夫が長男である女性が介護を担う確率は,夫方親との同居という変数を介して,一貫して高いという結果が得られる一方,フルタイム被雇用就業が介護を担う確率を低くする傾向はもっとも最近のコーホートにのみみられることが示された.

The burden of care is increasing in Japan as the result of the aging of the population, on the one hand. On the other hand, more women are working now as the industrial structure changes, the rate of economic growth decreases, and more women hold positive attitudes toward work. Did such social changes after the World War II affect the experiences of care-giving among women? If so, how and in what aspects were they changed? Using National Survey of Family Research Japan 2001 (NFRJs01), this paper compares the three cohorts of women on their care-giving experiences and their determinants from the life course perspectives.<BR>As a result of the analyses, I found that the likelihood of care-giving significantly increased in among those who were born after the 1940s, so that the experiences of "care-giving for at least period of time in their middle age" have become more common for this cohort. As for the determinants of caregiving, the likelihood of care-giving among the women whose husbands are the eldest son across cohorts is constantly higher across cohorts, as they are more likely to live with the parents of husbands, on the one hand. On the other hand, the low likelihood of care-giving among full-time workers is observed only among the most recent cohort.

Journal

  • Journal of Welfare Sociology

    Journal of Welfare Sociology 2007(4), 99-119, 2007

    Japan Welfare Sociology Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130001928793
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11962593
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-3337
  • NDL Article ID
    8887913
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE5(社会・労働--社会問題・社会保障)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M65
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top