2種類の企業による都市の均衡形状に関する研究 Equilibrium Configurations of a City with Two Kinds of Firms

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著者

    • 太田 充 OTA Mitsuru
    • 筑波大学大学院システム情報工学研究科 Department of Social Systems and Management, University of Tsukuba

抄録

In this article, we construct a general equilibrium model that uses households and firms distributed over a one-dimensional space including households that commute to each firm. In addition, we examine whether the configuration of the city becomes symmetric or asymmetric depending on the values for the transportation and communication parameters. An agglomeration occurs as interplay between the interaction field among agents and competition in the land market. Access costs encourage each firm to establish itself near other firms, thus fostering an agglomeration. As expected, one kind of firm concentrates in the city center, and the remainder of firms locate around the city center.<br> Consequently, the configuration appears to depend on an increase or decrease in the values of the parameters. Even more interesting is that the direction of the parameter change affects the configurations of the city. This phenomenon is known as hysteresis in physics and can result in various urban configurations depending on historical conditions. This indicates that different configurations of a city occur with different initial endowments.<br> The equilibrium patterns in the parameter space and the conditions of the transition between all patterns need to be analyzed. The optimal configuration of a city can also be clarified by examining lower transport costs and environmental impacts with this model.<br><br>JEL Classification: R14, R30, L20

収録刊行物

  • 地域学研究

    地域学研究 41(4), 853-865, 2011

    日本地域学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130002060796
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00140630
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0287-6256
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    023671577
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z3-1124
  • データ提供元
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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