<i>Ehrlichia canis</i> Infection in Two Dogs that Emigrated from Endemic Areas
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Two dogs, emigrated from Zambia and China to Japan, were diagnosed with <i>Ehrlichia canis</i> infection. Both cases had thrombocytopenia, non-regenerative anemia, and hypergloblinemia with polyclonal gammopathy. Case 1 had ataxia of the hind limbs. Severe meningitis was revealed by magnetic resonance imaging examination. Intracytoplasmic inclusions were observed in mononuclear cells of cerebrospinal fluid. Case 2 had a history of bilateral epistaxis, and severe pancytopenia was noticed in complete blood count. Diagnosis was finally achieved by nested polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis. Thus, even in non-endemic areas, <i>E. canis</i> infection should be included in the differential diagnosis of clinically ill dogs that emigrated from endemic areas.
- Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 74(6), 775-778, 2012
Japanese Society of Veterinary Science