森林を活用した余暇活動に対する障害者施設の意識:—北海道の障害者施設を対象としたアンケート調査から—  [in Japanese] Evaluating the Demand for Leisure Activities in Forests::A Case Study on Welfare Institutions for Persons with Disabilities, in Hokkaido, Japan  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 佐藤 孝弘 Sato Takahiro
    • 地方独立行政法人北海道立総合研究機構森林研究本部林業試験場 Local Independent Administrative Agency Hokkaido Research Organization, Forest Research Department Forestry Research Institute
    • 比屋根 哲 Hiyane Akira
    • 岩手大学大学院連合農学研究科 The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Iwate University

Abstract

森林での余暇活動の実施状況に関する知見を得るため, 北海道の障害者施設を対象としたアンケート調査結果を解析した。単純集計の結果によれば, 障害者施設は森林での余暇活動に高い関心を示し, 多くの施設が外出先に森林を選択していた。また, トイレや散策路などの設備を障害者にとって使いやすいものに改善することを求める意見が多かった。χ2検定の結果からは, 身体障害者や重複障害者がいる施設からは設備の改善が求められ, 知的障害者だけの施設からは森林体験のためのプログラムの充実が求められるなど, 障害の状況による森林での余暇活動に対する要望の違いが認められた。ノーマライゼーション思想の浸透, 余暇活動を通じた障害者の社会参加に向けた取り組みの顕在化, 森林浴の効用に関する情報の広まりを背景に, 障害者施設は森林を活用した余暇活動に期待を寄せている。今後, 障害者による森林を活用した余暇活動を促進するにはハード・ソフトの改善・充実と共に, 障害者福祉と森林林業, 両関係者による情報交換が必要不可欠である。

A questionnaire survey was conducted to evaluate the demand of welfare institutions, for persons with disabilities, in Hokkaido for leisure activities in forests. This was done in order to obtain information on the demand for leisure activities in forests. Overall, the welfare institutions for persons with disabilities indicated their great interest in conducting leisure activities in forests. Many institutions chose the forest as a leisure destination. Furthermore, many requested for the improvement of facilities such as rest-rooms and pathways to allow for easy access by persons with disabilities. The result of the chi-square test indicated that institutions that did not demand for leisure activities in forests cited the difficult conditions as a reason. While institutions that catered to persons with physical and multiple disabilities requested for the improvement of facilities, those that catered to persons with mental disabilities requested for an enhanced forest experience program. With the wide acceptance of the normalization approach, the promotion of disabled persons’ social participation through leisure activities, and the spread of information with regard to the effects of forest relaxation, welfare institutions for persons with disabilities expect to see an increase in leisure activities in forests. In the future, the hardware and software required for the creation of a forest recreation space need to be improved, and people concerned with both welfare and forestry should hold constant discussions to promote forest leisure activities among persons with disabilities.

Journal

  • Journal of the Japanese Forest Society

    Journal of the Japanese Forest Society 94(2), 59-67, 2012

    THE JAPANESE FORESTRY SOCIETY

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130002107849
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12003078
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1349-8509
  • NDL Article ID
    023796205
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-340
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE  JASI 
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