Unsteady Propagation Process of Oblique Detonation Waves Initiated by Hypersonic Spherical Projectiles

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Author(s)

    • MAEDA Shinichi
    • Department of Engineering Mechanics and Energy, University of Tsukuba
    • KASAHARA Jiro
    • Department of Engineering Mechanics and Energy, University of Tsukuba

Abstract

A spherical projectile was launched with 110% – 180% of a Chapman-Jouget (C-J) velocity into a detonable mixture, and we investigated the oblique detonation wave (ODW) that stabilized around it. High time-resolution visualizations were conducted using a high-speed camera with 1-μs frame speed to directly confirm the ODW stabilization and to investigate an unsteady phenomenon observed near the stabilizing criticality. In this case, the ODW was a three-dimensional conical wave, and the curvature effect on the conical detonation wave is not negligible near a projectile. We investigated the wave velocity distribution along the wave and revealed that it had a local minimum point at 0.8 – 0.9 times a C-J velocity during the decay process from an overdriven detonation near a projectile to a C-J ODW in the far field. We defined a characteristic wave curvature radius normalized by a cell size on this local minimum point. In this study, the minimum characteristic wave curvature radius of about 18 was needed to stabilize the conical detonation wave around a sphere. Near the stabilizing criticality, we also observed the unsteady ODW stabilization or detonation initiation on a shock-induced combustion. This unsteady regime was characterized by periodical onsets of local explosions that initiate or stabilize an ODW. We investigated the wave velocity distribution along this regime, and our findings revealed that the ODW transition or the detonation initiation following the shock-induced combustion occurred when the wave velocity decayed to 0.5 – 0.6 times a C-J velocity.

Journal

  • TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN 10(ists28), Pe_1-Pe_6, 2012

    THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES

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