ゲートキーパーとしての薬剤師:医薬品の薬物乱用・依存への対応 The Pharmacist as Gatekeeper: Combating Medication Abuse and Dependence

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著者

    • 嶋根 卓也 Shimane Takuya
    • 独立行政法人国立精神・神経医療研究センター精神保健研究所薬物依存研究部 Department of Drug Dependence Research, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry

抄録

  The nonmedical use of medications, including psychotropic drugs, is a growing health problem in Japan. According to a nationwide survey of mental hospitals, the proportion of patients with sedative (mainly benzodiazepine)-related disorders has more than doubled over the last decade. An association between psychotropic drug overdose and suicide risk has also been reported. Furthermore, over-the-counter drug abuse is still a serious problem in Japan. In recent years, pharmacists have been expected to act as gatekeepers, making timely identifications of suicide risk or substance abuse and directing these individuals to appropriate medical care facilities. In August 2012, the revised Comprehensive Suicide Measures Act identified pharmacists as one professional group that should act as gatekeepers. This article begins by reviewing the fundamental terms involved in understanding the nonmedical use of medications, including abuse, dependence, and intoxication. The current situation of substance abuse and dependence is then introduced through a summary of several epidemiological surveys conducted in Japan. Finally, the role of pharmacists as gatekeepers in preventing substance abuse and dependence on medications is discussed.<br>

収録刊行物

  • 薬学雑誌. 乙号

    薬学雑誌. 乙号 133(6), 617-630, 2013

    公益社団法人 日本薬学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130003361957
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00284903
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0031-6903
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    024685973
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-411
  • データ提供元
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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