ラマン分光法を利用した黒色プラスチックを含む廃家電プラスチックの選別技術に関する基礎的研究  [in Japanese] A Novel Separation Method for Plastic of Discarded Appliance Including Black Plastic by Using Raman Spectroscopy  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 山路 悠太 YAMAJI Yuta
    • 東京大学大学院工学系研究科システム創成学専攻 Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
    • 岡屋 克則 OKAYA Katsunori
    • 東京大学大学院工学系研究科システム創成学専攻 Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
    • 王 立邦 WANG Li Pang
    • 東京大学大学院工学系研究科システム創成学専攻 Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
    • 藤田 豊久 FUJITA Toyohisa
    • 東京大学大学院工学系研究科システム創成学専攻 Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo

Abstract

Plastics have been used in various applications. The amount of domestic production in 2009 was 1.1 Mt. These days, mechanical recycling for the plastic is required, but one of the biggest problems of this method is how to separate black plastics. Black plastics contain carbon black as a colorant, which make them difficult to be identified by infrared adsorption (IR) spectroscopy. Thus, in this study, we are putting forward Raman spectroscopy for separating plastics (including black plastics) from the discarded appliances.<br> There are reports which indicate that PP, PS, and ABS represent 70–80% of the discarded plastics. Each of them has its own characteristic peaks in Raman spectrum. In case of PP black plastics, nearly 100% of the feed can be identified, however, PS is difficult to be identified when carbon black content is about 3%. ABS of the discarded appliances was not identified. Finally, other fillers such as bromine flame retardants and calcium volume expander did not have any effect on Raman spectrum.<br> In addition, we run some experiments for separating the discarded plastics by means of combining Raman identification with triboelectric separation. In Raman identification, the longer we exposure, the more amount of recovery we got, but grade was the highest in 1.0 s exposure, and it was over 95%. In triboelectric separation, however, the grade of ABS and PS were about 70%.<br>

Journal

  • Resources Processing

    Resources Processing 60(2), 65-71, 2013

    The Resources Processing Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003364305
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11907992
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1348-6012
  • NDL Article ID
    024779709
  • NDL Call No.
    Z17-275
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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