ビネット調査による階層帰属メカニズムの検討  [in Japanese] Considering the Generating Mechanism of Class Identification Using Vignette Survey  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

日本における階層研究の文脈では, 階層帰属意識をめぐる研究が盛んであり, 数理モデルを用いた理論的研究と, 統計分析を用いた実証的研究という2つの方法論的アプローチが邂逅する重要なフロンティアとなっている. 本研究の目的は, 階層帰属の生成過程を説明する数理モデル(FKモデルと理論的に等価な座標対順序モデル)の経験的妥当性をビネット調査により検証して, 理論研究と実証研究の統合的な発展を目指すことにある. 具体的には, 学歴, 職業, 収入の3次元を組み合わせた架空の階層プロフィール(ビネット)の総合的な社会的地位を被調査者に回答してもらい, 理論モデルの予測と照合した. 分析の結果, 座標対順序モデルは支持されず, 階層プロフィールの地位評価に関しては, 対象ビネットの収入が特に大きな正の効果を持ち, 学歴や職業は微弱な効果しか持たない, という知見が得られた. 一方, 従来の社会調査にもとづく実証研究では, 学歴, 職業, 収入のいずれもが階層帰属意識に対して中程度の正の効果を持つことが知られている. 従来の知見と部分的に異なる本研究の知見は, 自己の地位評価と他者の地位評価には, それぞれ異なるメカニズムが働いている, という可能性を示唆している. .

     Japanese research on social stratification has paid much attention to class identification which is one of subjective social status. The research field of class identification is an important frontier where theoretical study using mathematical model and empirical research using statistical analysis come across each other. The purpose of this study is to propose a theoretical model of class identification (coordinate-wise order model which is equivalent to the FK model in theory) and to test its empirical validity using vignette survey based on the idea of Karpinski (2009). We prepared stratification profiles (vignettes) based on combinations of three dimensions such as education, occupation, and individual income. We conducted an Internet survey to measure subjective evaluation of stratification profiles. We compared results of statistical analyses to theoretical predictions from the model to test empirical validity of the coordinate-wise order model. The model was not supported enough. We found that income of stratification profile had very strong effect on subjective evaluation of social status. On the other hand, education and occupation had weak effects. These results are different from findings of previous research on class identification. They found that all of education, occupation, and income had moderate effect on class identification. Class identification is evaluation of self-status, however, evaluations of stratification profiles are those of others‘ status. There is the possibility that different mechanism exist between evaluation of self-status and others' status.

Journal

  • Sociological Theory and Methods

    Sociological Theory and Methods 27(2), 243-258, 2012

    Japanese Association For Mathematical Sociology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003367739
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10096921
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0913-1442
  • NDL Article ID
    024065208
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-2199
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top