広汎性発達障害児に対するビデオ映像を用いたネガティブ感情とその原因説明の指導  [in Japanese] Using Video Clips to Explain Emotional States and Their Causes: Training a Child With a Pervasive Developmental Disorder  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

本研究は広汎性発達障害の診断を受けた10歳の男児1名を対象に、ビデオ映像を用いた、感情語とその原因について質問に答える指導の効果を検証した。訓練において、男児は登場人物が何らかの理由で「怒っている」映像を見て、「〇〇さんはどうしたの?」という質問に対して、登場人物の感情と、感情を引き起こした原因について答えた。般化条件においては、訓練期に用いなかった未訓練の映像と、「面白い」「嬉しい」「悲しい」「寂しい」という4つの感情を示す映像を用いて、般化について測定した。その結果、感情においては、新規の4種類の感情を含む未訓練の刺激すべてに般化がみられた。一方で、原因においては、多くの未訓練刺激で般化がみられたが、難しい基準を設定した映像においては般化がみられなかった。

The present study examined effects of question-and-answer training of a 10-year-old boy with a pervasive developmental disorder, in which video clips were used to explain to him about emotional states and their causes. In the training sessions, the boy was shown several video clips of actors becoming angry, and then was asked to answer the question, "What is happening to him?" In subsequent generalization sessions, he was shown video clips that had not been used in the training sessions of actors appearing angry, as well as other video clips of actors exhibiting various other emotions (cheerful, happy, sad, and lonely). The results showed that generalization of the recognition of emotional states occurred with respect to all of the "angry" video clips that had not been used in the training sessions, as well as to other emotional states, but that generalization of knowledge about causes of the emotional states did not occur with respect to some of the video clips that had difficult criteria.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Special Education

    The Japanese Journal of Special Education 50(2), 151-160, 2012

    The Japanese Association of Special Education

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003376463
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00172513
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3374
  • NDL Article ID
    024047077
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-314
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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