Demographic and pathological characteristics of the medieval Japanese: new evidence from human skeletons from Kamakura, Japan

この論文にアクセスする

著者

抄録

The purposes of this study are to conduct paleodemographic and paleopathological analyses of medieval human skeletons from Japan and to clarify their life and death situations. The materials used here were individuals from the Yuigahama-chusei-shudan-bochi site (Seika-ichiba location) (i.e. YCSB-SI), located along the Yuigahama seashore of the southern end of Kamakura City. Several new findings regarding the life and death situations of YCSB-SI were obtained: (1) YCSB-SI exhibited a younger age-at-death distribution than other skeletal series; (2) the frequency of caries lesions in YCSB-SI was 5%, females exhibited more caries lesions than males and this group exhibited the lowest caries prevalence rate among Japanese populations; (3) the frequencies of enamel hypoplasia were 67% in the upper central incisors and 73% in the lower canines, which were almost equal to those of non-medieval series; and (4) the presence of weapon-related traumas on the cranium and limb bones from YCSB-SI was demonstrated. It is inferred from the present and previously reported data that population concentration in Kamakura impacted negatively on the lives of the inhabitants, possibly by malnutrition, increase of infectious diseases, and occasionally death by violence, and that all the results can be consistently explained by assuming urbanization and severe living conditions in medieval Kamakura.

収録刊行物

  • Anthropological Science

    Anthropological Science 121(3), 203-216, 2013

    日本人類学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130003382735
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11307827
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0918-7960
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    025097028
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z54-J370
  • データ提供元
    NDL  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ