青年・成人期の愛着関係での悲しき予言の自己成就は友人関係でも成立するのか?  [in Japanese] Do Tragic Self-Fulfilling Prophecies in Early Adulthood and Adult Attachment Relationships Occur in Friendships in Young Adults?  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は,先行研究の3つの青年・成人期の愛着関係で示された共通項が青年期の同性の友人関係においても認められるのかについて,成人の愛着スタイル,関係内の感情経験,関係への評価の観点から検討を行った。分析対象者は,106組の青年期の友人ペアであった。その結果,愛着次元の関係不安は,回答者本人のネガティブ感情ならびにポジティブ感情と有意な正の相関関係を示していた。親密性回避は,回答者本人のネガティブ感情と有意な正の相関を,関係への評価とは有意な負の相関を,加えて,ポジティブ感情とは有意傾向の負の関連を示していた。また,上記の親密性回避と本人の関係への評価との関連は,本人のポジティブ感情によって媒介されており,これは先行研究の3つの青年・成人期の愛着関係では見られなかった傾向であった。これらの結果について,愛着システムと親和システムの観点から議論を行った。

This study examines whether the commonality among three early adulthood and adult attachment relationships reported in previous studies would be replicated in same-sex friendships of young adults, based on the relationships between early adulthood attachment dimensions, emotional experiences in relationships, and evaluation of the relationships. The participants were 106 dyads of young adult friends. The results showed that the anxiety attachment dimension was significantly positively correlated with the individual's negative and positive emotions in the relationship. The avoidance dimension was significantly positively correlated with the individual's negative emotions in the relationship, and significantly negatively correlated with the individual's evaluation of relationship, and marginally negatively correlated with the individual's positive emotions in the relationship. Moreover, the relation between the avoidance dimension and the individual's self evaluation of the relationship was mediated by the individual's positive emotions in the relationship. The results are discussed in terms of attachment and affiliation systems.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Personality

    The Japanese Journal of Personality 22(2), 168-181, 2013

    Japan Society of Personality Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003382744
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11873802
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1348-8406
  • NDL Article ID
    025063320
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B175
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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