ヒトと動物の「集団意思決定」をつなぐ Toward a synthetic understanding of collective decision-making by humans and non-human animals

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Author(s)

    • 豊川 航 TOYOKAWA WATARU
    • 北海道大学大学院文学研究科|日本学術振興会 Graduate School of Letters, Hokkaido University|Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
    • 亀田 達也 KAMEDA TATSUYA
    • 北海道大学大学院文学研究科|北海道大学社会科学実験研究センター Graduate School of Letters, Hokkaido University|Center for Experimental Research in Social Science, Hokkido University

Abstract

Recent research on animal behavior has identified a set of common cognitive and behavioral principles that underlie animal collective decision-making. Although endeavor toward synthesizing knowledge about collective decision-making by different species has already begun, human collective phenomena, which have mainly been investigated by social scientists, are still largely left behind from this scope. However, delineating uniqueness and commonality of human collective decision-making in biological contexts is critically important to understand nature of human collectivity. Toward this end, this paper first defines the concept of collective decision-making from a biological perspective. We then review several recent key findings on collective behavior by several animal species (eusocial insects in particular), and argue that a set of fundamental processes such as positive feedback, nonlinear conformity bias and quorum-sensing, commonly underlie human and non-human collective decision-making. We sketch some future research directions to promote cross-fertilizations between the biological and social sciences for a better understanding of collective phenomena by humans and non-human animals.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Animal Psychology

    Japanese Journal of Animal Psychology 63(2), 107-122, 2013

    THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR ANIMAL PSYCHOLOGY

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003384152
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10363631
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0916-8419
  • NDL Article ID
    025105905
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-6
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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