Fibroblast Growth Factor-5 Participates in the Progression of Hepatic Fibrosis
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Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by the presence of steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis and is believed to develop via a “two-hit process”; however, its pathophysiology remains unclear. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are heparin-binding polypeptides with diverse biological activities in many developmental and metabolic processes. In particular, FGF5 is associated with high blood pressure. We investigated the function of FGF5 <i>in vivo</i> using spontaneously Fgf5 null mice and explored the role of diet in the development of NASH. Mice fed a high-fat diet gained little weight and had higher serum alanine transaminase, aspartate amino transferase, and non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels. Liver histology indicated marked inflammation, focal necrosis, fat deposition, and fibrosis, similar to the characteristics of NASH. FGF5 and a high-fat diet play significant roles in the pathophysiology of hepatic fibrosis and Fgf5 null mice may provide a suitable model for liver fibrosis or NASH.
- Experimental Animals
Experimental Animals 63(1), 85-92, 2014
Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science