飲食店における受動喫煙防止対策の実態と禁煙化による経営への影響についての考察  [in Japanese] A survey examining the countermeasures taken by restaurants to prevent passive smoking and an analysis of the economic impact of smoking prohibition in restaurants  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<b>目的</b> 本研究の目的は,飲食店における受動喫煙防止対策の現状とともに,飲食店禁煙化が経営に与える影響について明らかにすることである。<br/><b>方法</b> 愛知県全域(ただし,名古屋市,豊橋市,豊田市,岡崎市を除く)の飲食店8,558店舗を対象として,調査員の訪問調査により,受動喫煙対策の実施状況,禁煙後の来客数と売り上げの変化等を調べた。調査期間は,平成21年11月 1 日から平成22年 2 月末までとした。<br/><b>結果</b> 質問に回答した店舗は7,080店舗(82.7%)で,受動喫煙対策の実施状況は禁煙店舗が16.4%,分煙店舗が20.2%であり,残りの63.4%の店舗では受動喫煙対策は未実施であった。<br/>  飲食店の業種別にみると,カレー専門店,ファストフード店,などでは禁煙が進んでおり,バー,焼肉店,居酒屋,お好み焼き店などではほとんど禁煙化が進んでおらず,飲食店の受動喫煙対策は二極化していることが判明した。また,禁煙店舗については禁煙化後の来客数と売り上げは約95%の店舗で変化がなく,来客数と売り上げが増えた店舗が1.5%,減った店舗が3.9%であった。<br/><b>結論</b> 愛知県で行われた大規模な,飲食店における受動喫煙対策の実態と禁煙化による経営に関する調査によると,禁煙化による顧客数や売り上げの減少など影響は少ないと考えられた。

<b>Objectives</b> This study examines the countermeasures taken by restaurants to prevent passive smoking and the impact of smoking prohibition on both the number of customers and sales volume in restaurants.<br/><b>Methods</b> An interview-based survey was administered to 8,558 restaurant managers in Aichi prefecture. The survey questions concerned the countermeasures taken against passive smoking within each restaurant and the effect of the prohibition of smoking on both the number of customers and sales volume between November 1, 2009, and February 26, 2010.<br/><b>Results</b> Seven thousand and eighty managers responded to the survey (response rate 83%). The proportion of managers of restaurants with a complete smoking ban was 16.4%, of restaurants with a smoking and non-smoking room or section was 20.2%, and of restaurants where no countermeasures were taken was 63.4%. The results showed that among the restaurants with a complete smoking ban, the number of customers and sales volume increased in 1.5%, decreased in 3.9%, and did not change in 95%. Differences in countermeasures were seen according to the type of restaurant. A high proportion of restaurants with a complete ban were curry shops and fast food restaurants, while few such restaurants were bars or Izakaya (Japanese style bars) and Yakiniku (Korean style BBQ) restaurants.<br/><b>Conclusion</b> The results of this large-scale survey in Aichi prefecture suggest that the economic impact of smoking prohibition in restaurants, in terms of the number of customers and sales volume, is small.

Journal

  • Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi(JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH)

    Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi(JAPANESE JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH) 59(7), 440-446, 2012

    Japanese Society of Public Health

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003397953
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0546-1766
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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