営業マンの自覚症状(ストレス)と食生活との関連 Relation between Subjective Symptoms(Stress-related) and Diet in Office Workers.

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某大企業の20歳代から60歳代の営業マン66人を対象に, 3日間の自覚症状, 食物摂取状況, 日常生活状況を調査した。<br>1) 自覚症状数の平均は9.3±7.8であった。また自覚症状数が10.0~14.9のグループの平均年齢は31.2±5.3歳で, 他のグループに比し有意に低かった。<br>2) 自覚症状数を10未満の者と10以上の者の2群に分けて日常生活状況を調べてみると, 10未満のほうが, 夜食はしない, また時々すると答えた者, 食事の量は毎日腹八分目に食べていると答えた者が, 10以上の群に比べ有意に多かった。<br>3) 食品群別摂取量では, 自覚症状数が10未満の群のほうが魚介類, 乳類, 緑黄色野菜, その他の野菜, 果実の摂取が多い傾向にあり, 特に緑黄色野菜では10以上の群に比べ有意に摂取量は多かった。<br>4) 栄養素等摂取量では, 自覚症状数が10未満の群が10以上の群に比べ, カルシウム, レチノール, カロテン, ビタミンA効力, ビタミンB<sub>2</sub>, ビタミンCの摂取が多い傾向がみられたが, 統計的な有意差は認められなかった。

We studied the relation between subjective symptoms and diet in 66 male office workers between the age of 20 and 60 by observing the symptoms, food intake and daily habits were during three days.<br>1) The mean counts of subjective symptoms were 9.3±7.8 and the mean age of the group with the count of 10.0-14.9 was 31.2±5.3, which was significantly lower than the others.<br>2) Subjects were divided into two groups by the count of subjective symptoms; those with less than 9.9 and those with over 10. There were significantly more number of respondents in the first group who took no or little late night snacks and who ate moderately.<br>3) The first group showed a tendency for taking more fishes, dairy products, other vegetables and fruits, particularly green and yellow vegetables, which they took significantly more than the second group.<br>4) As for nutrient intake, the first group showed a tendency for taking more calcium, retinol, carotene, vitamin A, vitamin B<sub>2</sub> and vitamin C than the second group, although there was no significant statistical differences between the groups.

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  • 栄養学雑誌

    栄養学雑誌 51(3), 123-129, 1993

    The Japanese Society of Nutrition and Dietetics

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