繊維強化樹脂薄肉射出成形時の物性値分布発現メカニズムの検討:薄肉化による繊維破断の影響 The Generation Mechanism of Material Property Distribution for Thin FRP Products During Injection Molding:Influence of Cavity Thinning on Fiber Breakage

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

Many small injection-molded auto parts are made of fiber-reinforced plastic for the purpose of giving them added strength. Demands for vehicle weight reductions in recent years with the aim of decreasing vehicle fuel consumption have made it desirable to reduce the thickness of these small parts as well, so as to lighten their weight and lower the cost. However, thin-injection-molded parts made of fiber-reinforced plastic are more prone to warping and other molding defects compared with ordinary thin moldings of around 3mm thickness. This tendency stems from their anisotropic material properties and large material property distribution in the thickness direction owing to higher resin flow velocities and the influence of the fibers.<br>In the present study, using thin plates molded from fiber-reinforced plastic with different skin thicknesses, measurements were made of the material properties of each layer and the mechanism producing anisotropy was investigated. The results made the following points clear.<br>(1) A correlation between fiber orientation and thermal expansion coefficient ratio can be obtained for the core layer of 3mm injection molded samples.<br>(2) This relationship between the fiber orientation and the thermal expansion coefficient ratio changes in the skin layer of these 3mm injection molded plates.<br>(3) For thinner injection molded plates, fiber breakage occurs at all locations in each layer.<br>(4) Fiber breakage can affect the fiber orientation ratio and the thermal expansion coefficient ratio in these thin injection molded plates.<br>Fiber breakage depends on the size of the shear force.

Journal

  • Seikei-Kakou

    Seikei-Kakou 18(3), 227-234, 2006

    The Japan Society of Polymer Processing

Codes

Page Top