なぜ科学技術の規制が必要か:制度論的考察  [in Japanese] Why Should We Regulate Techno-science?:From the Institutional Point of View  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

This paper deals with the problem, “On what reason should we regulate technology ? ” from the institutional point of view. First, I argue that this problem is not an eternal one but a historical one. To show this, historical transition of the relation between technoscience and society since the World War II is sketched and it is argued that a serious change of the relation occurred in 1970's.<BR>Secondly, it is argued that because techno-science after 1970's has become increasingly “trans-scientific” (Weinberg) and knowledge produced by it has fundamentally tentative and uncertain character, the present techno-science cannot play the role of neutral arbiter of the social problems but should be regulated by the expectation of the society through public scrutiny. Traditionally, the social regulation of research has been said to conflict with the academic freedom. However, the academic freedom guaranteed by article 23 of the Constitution of Japan should be reconsidered because the present techno-science is working as not a transcendent but a constructive power in our society.<BR>Thirdly, “not harm others” as the liberal principle is not enough for the regulation of the present techno-science, but a minimum requisite for this. We need some positive principle which orients the present techno-science to public needs.

Journal

  • Philosophy (Tetsugaku)

    Philosophy (Tetsugaku) 2003(54), 18-37,242, 2003

    The Philosophical Association of Japan

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