家庭の消費財選好とごみ発生のモデルの開発  [in Japanese] A model on household waste generation and goods preference.  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

家計の消費選好は, 最終需要財の種類と量を変化させて産業全体の需給バランスを変えるとともに, 排出される家庭ごみの性状や量を決定する.したがって将来の家庭ごみ排出量を推計する場合には, 老齢化, サービス消費化, 女性進出などに伴う消費選好の変化を考慮しなければならない.本研究では, 家計の消費行動が予算制約及び時間制約下で行われることを考慮した消費選好モデルを考えた.さらに, このモデルを家庭の物質収支モデルと連結することにより将来の家庭ごみ排出量の推計を行い, 高齢化による消費選好の変化を考慮しながら, わが国の2025年までの家庭ごみ量を推計した.

Preference of goods in household controls consumption of goods, and consequently influences supply and demand equilibrium of the country goods market. Also and more important, it determines the quantity and quality of households wastes. In order to project future waste amount generated by households, the abovemechanism must be taken into account. In this study, we developed a model of household waste generation based on Becker's household production approach. The model can consider the impact of lifestyle change on household generation. Also, it was applied to forecast Japanese household waste generation in near future.

Journal

  • ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH

    ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH (30), 19-27, 2002

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003775138
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1345-9597
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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