火災延焼による人的被害波及と水道消火栓機能 Fire Spreading and Casualty due to Outage of Water at Hydrants

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Abstract

本稿は兵庫県南部地震における水道管被害と火災による人的被害の関連について検討したものである。地震による水道配水管および給水管の被害、また阪神水道企業団からの入水が停止したことにより、多くの消火栓は稼動不能となった。神戸市では、人的被害が発生した火災地域が52地域あり、計529名の人命が火災により亡くなっているが、もし消火栓が稼動していたとすると、6火災地域で32~45名の人命が助かった可能性があることが試算された。

This paper describes the relation between damages of water pipelines and casualty due to fire in the Kobe earthquake. Many fireplugs worked down because water pipelines were damaged and the insertion water from Hanshin Water Supply Authority was stopped. In Kobe city, there were 52 areas where casualty due to fire occurred and 529 people were killed in fire. It was predicted that there was a possibility that 32 - 45 people would survived in 6 areas if water pipelines were no damage and all fireplugs were working.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering

    Journal of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering 5(2), 1-15, 2005

    JAPAN ASSOCIATION FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130003814362
  • Text Lang
    UNK
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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