Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI)を用いた耳鳴患者の心理的特性の検討  [in Japanese] A Study on the Psychological Character of Tinnitus Sufferers Using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)  [in Japanese]

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近年, TRT (Tinnitus Retraining Therapy) が効果をあげており耳鳴と心理的状態との関連も議論されているが, MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) を用いた耳鳴患者の心理的特性に関する研究はまだない。そこで我々はTRTを受けている耳鳴患者23例とMMPI日本版標準化集団についてMMPIの尺度ごとに比較検討した。その結果, 耳鳴患者では男女ともに心気症, 抑うつ尺度が高い値を示した。さらに男性では軽躁病と社会的内向性尺度, 女性ではヒステリー, パラノイア, 統合失調症尺度において有意差を認めた。一方, 耳鳴患者の中でいずれかの尺度においてT得点が70を超えた事例は23例中8例で, その8例中7例は初回THIが58以上であった。よって耳鳴の苦痛を強く訴える患者の治療には心身両面からのアプローチが必要であり, 心理検査等で個々の心理状態を的確にアセスメントすることがより効果的な治療につながると考える。

In recent years, tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) has been reported to alleviate the symptoms of tinnitus; however, whether a correlation exists between tinnitus and the subject's state of mind remains controversial. Therefore, the relationship between them. These two factors should be examined. Twenty-three (14 men and 9 women) individuals suffering from tinnitus were asked to take the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). We then compared their scores with those of normal subjects using the Japanese version of the MMPI. The comparison showed that individuals suffering from tinnitus had higher scores on the hypochondria and depression scales. In addition, eight of the individuals suffering from tinnitus scored more than 70 points for the T scores covering the 14 standards of the MMPI. Seven of these eight individuals also obtained over 58 points on their first define. These results suggest that a psychological assessment may be necessary for the effective treatment of individuals who suffer from tinnitus.



    AUDIOLOGY JAPAN 49(4), 353-358, 2006

    Japan Audiological Society



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