実用重視評価の理論と課題 Utilization-Focused Evaluation: Theory and Issues

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Abstract

事業評価の理論的関心は手法の選択に係わるもので、「定量的」対「定性的」手法のパラダイム論争がその中核を占めてきた。そこでの中心的課題は評価結果の科学性、客観性、一般化可能性であったが、評価の有用性の視点から両者の実践的な統合を提起したのがMichael Q.Pattonの実用重視評価理論である。この理論は、評価の有用性を結果の活用で測るものとし、評価者の基本的な役割として結果の活用に強い関心を持つ利害関係者の特定化と、評価プロセスへの参加を通じる当事者意識の向上を掲げる。本論文では、はじめに実用重視評価誕生の背景となる論争について概説した後で、実用重視評価の基本的な考え方の紹介、その実践の例示および問題点の指摘をする。最後に実用重視評価の日本における活用に関する課題に触れる。

Theoretical concern in program evaluation has for long focused on the choice of evaluation method, with the quantitative-qualitative debate occupying its central place. The principal question had to do with scientific nature, objectivity and generalizability of evaluation findings. Michael Q. Patton joined the debate with a theory of utilization-focused evaluation, proposing a pragmatic synthesis between the two propositions. This theory suggests that the utility of evaluation should be measured in terms of utilization of evaluation findings, and that the key role of an evaluator should be to identify those stakeholders who possess strong interest in the use of the results and to strengthen their ownership of the evaluation process through their participation. This paper first outlines the debate which formed the background to the birth of the utilization-focused evaluation, and then presents its main ideas, illustrates its uses and discusses some questions and issues surrounding it. The paper concludes by commenting on issues that need to be tackled if the high potential it promises for the Japanese evaluation context is to be realized.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Evaluation Studies

    Japanese Journal of Evaluation Studies 3(2), 57-69, 2003

    THE JAPAN EVALUATION SOCIETY

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