民族関係研究における生活構造論的アプローチの再検討 Reexamination of the Life-Structure Approach to Ethnic Relations

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Abstract

It is pointed out that some approaches to ethnic relations in urban sociology in Japan have such defects as follows. First of all, they do not take into account the structural effect of state and capitalism in their analyses of urban ethnic phenomena. As a result, they cannot analyze some important ethnic phenomena, such as the selection and exclusion of immigrants by the state, and have a logical structure that leads to forceful assimilation of those entities that are considered “different”. The purpose of this article is to respond to theses criticisms from the standpoint of the life-structure approach, which is one of the main approaches to ethnic relations in urban sociology in Japan. The article begins with an explanation of the life-structure approach. Next, it searches a way to place the approach in a structural context, using an analytical framework that consists of three types of process: economic, political and intermediate processes.(This framework is used in the structural analysis of Kamaishi city in the 1950s.) The author argues that distinction should be made between the notion of integration and the notion of union and stresses the importance of comparative analysis of urban ethnic relations.

Journal

  • The Annals of Japan Association for Urban Sociology

    The Annals of Japan Association for Urban Sociology 2008(26), 73-85, 2008

    Japan Association for Urban Sociology

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