Effects of Cannabinoids on Colonic Muscle Contractility and Tension in Guinea Pigs

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    • Harada Naoshige
    • Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School
    • Nemoto Kayo
    • Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School
    • Ninomiya Norifumi
    • Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School|Emergency Medicine The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences


<b>Objective</b>: While endogenous cannabinoids regulate various physiologic functions, their role in the intestinal tract is unclear. We continuously recorded colonic motility in conscious guinea pigs. Mechanisms of action then were investigated using guinea pig taenia caecum in vitro. <b>Design</b>: Prospective experimental observations using the cannabinoid agonists 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and WIN55212-2; a cannabinoid antagonist, AM281; and ion-channel antagonist. <b>Setting</b>: University research laboratory <b>Subjects</b>: Thirty guinea pigs (20 for in vivo study, 10 for in vitro) <b>Measurements and main results</b>: Colonic motility was monitored in vivo using telemetry via a force transducer attached to the guinea pig taenia caecum. Taenias isolated from other guinea pigs were studied in vitro to assess cannabinoid effects on muscle contractions evoked pharmacologically or electrically. Immediately after cannabinoid injection in conscious guinea pigs, taenial relaxation began peaking at 30 to 40 min. In animals pretreated with AM281, a CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist, cannabinoid evoked relaxation was less evident. In vitro, cannabinoids suppressed KCl-induced taenial contractions; this suppression was opposed by charybdotoxin, a Ca<sup>2+</sup>-activated K<sup>+</sup>-channel inhibitor, but not AM281. Cannabinoids decreased amplitude of repeated contractions evoked by electrical stimulation (an effect inhibited by AM281) but not muscle tension. <b>Conclusions</b>: Cannabinoids decreased intestinal tract tension in vivo, apparently via central CB1 receptors. This differs from peristaltic suppression.<br>


  • Journal of Nippon Medical School

    Journal of Nippon Medical School 72(1), 43-51, 2005

    The Medical Association of Nippon Medical School


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