アルコール依存症者専門のデイケアーの試みについて  [in Japanese] The effectiveness of day care program for alcoholism treatment. A preliminary study.:-A PRELIMINARY STUDY-  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

我が国のアルコール医療の流れを考慮し, 1987年4月からアルコール依存症者専門のデイケアーを開始した. 対象者は当院入院未経験者で―グループ10名程度とし, 同時期に治療を開始し同時期に治療を終了し, 期間は4週間とした. 以上のデイケアープログラムを終了した患者は1991年4月現在で141名であった. 彼らの平均年齢は47.2歳(24~74歳)で, 住居地は東京都が最も多く37名(26.2%)であった. 彼らの片道通院時間は約2時間であったが, デイケアー期間中の出席率は97.2%でほとんど欠席者はいなかった. また断酒予後についてはデイケアー終了後の期間を考慮し, 1990年12月現在の患者119名に対し1991年4月行った. その結果41名(34.5%)が完全断酒を継続していた. 以上から当院で行っているアルコール依存症者専門のデイケアーは外来機能の一つのあり方として有効な手段であると思われた.

Considering recent trends of alcoholism treatment in Japan, we started day care programs for alcoholics in April 1987 at Kurihama National Hospital. The program we developed was 4-weeks long in each time, and was provided for a fixed group of approximately 10 alcoholics who had not been admitted to our hospital. The number of alcoholics who had completed the program in April 1991 was 141, and their average age was 47.2 years old ranging from 24 to 74. The most participants were from Tokyo (37 patients, 26.7%). Although most of the patients spent approximately 2 hours for commuting (one way), their attendance rate was as high as 97.2%. According to a follow-up study conducted in April 1991, among 119 patients who had completed the program before December 1990, 41 patients (34.5%) had continued total abstinence. The results strongly suggest that the day care program is effective as one modality of outpatient treatment of alcoholics.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of National Medical Services

    Japanese Journal of National Medical Services 46(9), 752-757, 1992

    Japanese Society of National Medical Services

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