Anti-Atherosclerotic Effects of Dihomo-.GAMMA.-Linolenic Acid in ApoE-Deficient Mice
Access this Article
Aim: Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) is an n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid that is mainly metabolized to an anti-inflammatory eicosanoid, prostaglandin (PG) E1, via the cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway. We evaluated the effect of DGLA on atherosclerosis in apoE-deficient mice and studied the mechanism of the anti-atherosclerotic effect.<BR>Methods: ApoE-deficient mice were fed a normal diet supplemented with 0.5% DGLA or vehicle for 6 months. ApoE-deficient mice were also fed a high-cholesterol diet supplemented with 0.5% DGLA or vehicle for 1 month. To clarify the influence of a COX inhibitor, naproxen, on the anti-atherosclerotic effect of DGLA, age-matched apoE-deficient mice fed a high-cholesterol diet supplemented with 0.5% DGLA were given oral naproxen for 1 month.<BR>Results: In normal diet-fed mice, acetylcholine-induced vascular relaxation was significantly greater in the DGLA group than in the vehicle group. NADPH oxidase subunits, p22phox and gp91phox, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 were significantly lower in the DGLA group than in the vehicle group, and DGLA significantly prevented atherosclerosis. In high-cholesterol diet-fed mice, DGLA also significantly prevented atherosclerosis, but the anti-atherosclerotic effect was attenuated by naproxen.<BR>Conclusion: DGLA may have an anti-atherosclerotic effect in apoE-deficient mice via PGE1 formation.
- Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis 16(4), 480-489, 2009
Japan Atherosclerosis Society