Effect of Intestinal and Hepatic First-pass Extraction on the Pharmacokinetics of Everolimus in Rats

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Author(s)

    • YOKOMASU Akira
    • Department of Pharmacy, Kyoto University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University
    • YANO Ikuko
    • Department of Pharmacy, Kyoto University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University
    • SATO Eriko
    • Department of Pharmacy, Kyoto University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University
    • MASUDA Satohiro
    • Department of Pharmacy, Kyoto University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University
    • KATSURA Toshiya
    • Department of Pharmacy, Kyoto University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University
    • INUI Ken-ichi
    • Department of Pharmacy, Kyoto University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University

Abstract

  The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the effects of intestinal and hepatic extraction on the pharmacokinetics of everolimus in rats. Everolimus was administered intravenously, intraportally or intraintestinally in order to separately evaluate the intestinal and hepatic first-pass extraction. Cyclosporine or tacrolimus was administered into rat intestines, and after 10 min everolimus pharmacokinetics were evaluated. The blood concentrations of everolimus were measured by the high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Total body clearance of everolimus was constant in the dosage from 0.2 to 1.0 mg/kg. The bioavailability after intraportal and intraintestinal administration were 48.0% and 21.2%, respectively. Concomitantly administered cyclosporine (5 mg/kg) , but not tacrolimus (1 mg/kg), significantly decreased the total body clearance of everolimus compared with the control, and also increased the bioavailabilty of everolimus after intraintestinal administration 1.75-fold. Cyclosporine significantly increased the area under the blood concentration-time curve of everolimus after the intraintestinal constant infusion 3-fold, and increased that after the intraportal constant infusion only 1.35-fold. In conclusion, the intestine as well as liver contributes to the first-pass extraction for everolimus in rats. Intestinally administered cyclosporine inhibited the intestinal extraction of everolimus more than its hepatic extraction.<br>

Journal

  • Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics

    Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics 23(6), 469-475, 2008

    The Japanese Society for the Study of Xenobiotics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130004463051
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    1347-4367
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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