視覚の初期過程における光化学反応 [in Japanese] Primary Photoreaction Processes in Vision. [in Japanese]
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This article reviews the primary reaction processes in rhodopsin, a light-sensor protein in our vision. Rhodopsin has an 11-cis retinal as the chromophore, which binds covalently with a lysine residue through a protonated Schiff base linkage. Picosecond time-resolved spectroscopy of 11-cis locked rhodopsin analogs revealed that the cis-trans isomerization of the chromophore is the primary reaction in rhodopsin. Then, generation of femtosecond laser pulses in the 1990s made it possible to follow the process of isomerization in real time. Formation of photorhodopsin within 200 fs was observed by a transient absorption (pump-probe) experiment, which also revealed that the photoisomerization in rhodopsin is a vibrationally coherent process. Femtosecond fluorescence spectroscopy directly captured excited-state dynamics of rhodopsin, so that both coherent reaction process and unreacted excited state were observed. Faster photoreaction of the chromophore in rhodopsin than that in solution implies that the protein environment facilitates the efficient isomerization process.
- The Review of Laser Engineering
The Review of Laser Engineering 31(3), 184-189, 2003
The Laser Society of Japan