都市コンパクト化政策に対する都市計画行政担当者の態度形成・変容分析 CAN LOCAL CIVIL SERVANTS CHANGE THEIR ATTITUDES CONCERNING COMPACT URBAN LAYOUT?

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Abstract

交通環境負荷低減のため,都市構造をコンパクト化することが期待されている.本研究では,その役割を最前線で担う地方自治体の都市計画行政担当者を広く対象とし,コンパクト化政策の意義と可能性を伝えるワンショット型レクチャー(OL)を通じて,1) 担当者の態度形成の現状,2) 担当者の態度変容,3) 態度形成の要因分析,4) 行動のための障害を明らかにした.分析の結果,1) 現状では低い態度水準がOLを通じて大きく向上すること,2) 態度形成にはOLの他に知識や経験が深く関与すること,3) 実際に取り組む者ほど現在の「制度」を障害とはせず,4) 実現のための様々な障害も多くはコミュニケーションと学習を通じて解消される可能性があることが示された.

Although the compact city concept is the promising strategy aimed to improve sustainability of urban developments, most of the local civil servant planners do not admit this fact. In this study it was tried to change their attitudes by giving one-shot lecture (OL) that provided subjective information about compact city. Analysis were performed in order to investigate 1) present state of attitudes, 2) change of attitudes, 3) factors that influence on attitude formation and 4) obstacles to realize compact city. Results showed that 1) OL is effective as a tool to rise awareness, 2) beside OL, knowledge and related experiences are also important factors for attitude formation, 3) institutional problems are not essential and 4) most of obstacles could be overcome by communication and learning.

Journal

  • Doboku Gakkai Ronbunshuu D

    Doboku Gakkai Ronbunshuu D 64(4), 608-616, 2008

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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