理論モデルによるエチゼンクラゲＮｅｍｏｐｉｌｅｍａ ｎｏｍｕｒａｉのターゲットストレングス推定に必要な生体密度および生体内音速の測定 [in Japanese] Measurements of Specific Density of and Sound Speed in Nomura's Jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai to Estimate their Target Strength using a Theoretical Scattering Model [in Japanese]
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The jellyfish <I>Nemopilema nomurai</I>, which reaches up to 2 m in diameter and 200 kg in weight, has appeared in large numbers in the Sea of Japan during the last several years and has had a negative effect on coastal fisheries in this region. Data on the abundance and distribution of these jellyfish are needed to forecast when and where they will occur in coastal areas. Acoustic techniques are commonly used to study the distribution and abundance of fish and zooplankton because these techniques can survey large areas relatively quickly. Before such surveys can be conducted, the acoustic characteristics of the target species must be known. In this study, the density and speed-of-sound in live jellyfish were measured in order to clarify their acoustic characteristics using a theoretical scattering model. The density of the jellyfish was measured using the dual-density method, while the speed of sound was measured using the time-of-flight method. Their acoustic characteristics were estimated with the distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA) model using these material properties and the shape of free-swimming jellyfish. The results demonstrate the feasibility of investigating the abundance and distribution of jellyfish using acoustic methods.
- The Journal of the Marine Acoustics Society of Japan
The Journal of the Marine Acoustics Society of Japan 34(2), 109-118, 2007
The Marine Acoustics Society of Japan