明治期の都市改造事業における土木官吏の役割についての研究:－京都市の三大事業に至る経緯を事例として－ STUDY ON THE ROLES OF CIVIL ENGINEERING GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS IN URBAN REFORM PROJECTS IN THE MEIJI ERA:— Using the background behind the three major projects in Kyoto city as a case example —
Access this Article
This paper clarifies the roles played by government officials specialized in civil engineering in urban reform during the Meiji era in Japan. This clarification was made by studying the process until the initiation of the urban reform projects titled the Three Major Projects in Kyoto city, which were completed in 1912, as a case example for analysis. In the process of analysis, I clarified the emergence of two types of engineers according to differences in the roles they played. One is the engineer who developed the mayor's urban reform concept into a specific design plan. Not having studied modern technology, the engineer made a mistake in the design of civil engineering projects that required advanced technology, and the person was held responsible for the mistake in the city council. This incidence led to the appearance of another type of engineer. This engineer graduated from the Department of Civil Engineering of Kyoto Imperial University and mastered modern civil engineering. He then attempted to take initiative in council reform using his advanced knowledge.
- Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)
Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) 76(662), 859-868, 2011
Architectural Institute of Japan