Mixed-Method Outcome Evaluation of a Community-Based Education Program for Medical Students
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<b>Background: </b>Although community-based training is included in medical undergraduate education in Japan, little assessment of the outcomes of community-based education programs has been performed. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of a community-based education program using a mixed method.<br><b>Methods: </b>The study design utilized both qualitative and quantitative methods (mixed method). The subjects (n = 278) were fifth-grade medical students who were involved in the program from 2008 to 2010 inclusive. We collected two types of data: a six-item pre-and-post questionnaire (quantitative) and an open-ended questionnaire (qualitative) to evaluate the impressions this experience left on the students.<br><b>Results: </b>Pre-and-post questionnaires were completed by 263 (95%) of 278 subjects; on all items, the scores of the post- data were significantly higher than that of pre- data (P < 0.001). From the responses given by 139 respondents (total 181, 77%) in the open-ended questionnaire survey, 10 themes were extracted: 1. Inter-professional cooperation; 2. Role and cooperation among university hospitals, community hospitals, clinics, and welfare facilities; 3. Patient-centered medicine; 4. Trust-based relationships; 5. Competency in general medicine; 6. Professionalism; 7. Medical management; 8. Communication; 9. Common diseases; and 10. Long-term care.<br><b>Conclusions: </b>We found that medical students gained four major perspectives from their experiences: Inter-professional cooperation, trust based relationships, roles of community hospitals and clinics, and patient-centered medicine, respectively. Our findings suggest this program contributed significantly to their understanding of community medicine.
- General Medicine
General Medicine 15(1), 21-28, 2014
Japan Primary Care Association