An Assessment of Upland Rice Seed Quality in Uganda

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We examined the quality of rice seeds, including both seed-companies’ seeds sampled randomly from agricultural input suppliers and farmers’ seeds sampled randomly from farmers, in terms of three indicators: pure seed rate, germination rate of pure seeds and germination rate of seeds including off-types. Results obtained showed: the quality of farmers’ seeds was significantly better than that of companies’ seeds, particularly with respect to the germination rates, the ability of farmers to maintain and improve the quality of their own seeds was high, and training for farmers including lectures and practices about how to improve seed quality was an efficient means to enhance farmers’ ability to control the quality of their rice seeds. These findings indicate that building capacity of farmers by training on seed production, selecting and rouging of off-types is important to improve and maintain rice quality over a long period of time starting from the initial small quantity of pure seed. This is particularly relevant to the smallholder setting in sub-Saharan Africa where rice growing farmers mostly handle small quantities of seeds for small acreages.


  • Tropical Agriculture and Development

    Tropical Agriculture and Development 57(1), 16-22, 2013

    Japanese Society for Tropical Agriculture


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