Introduction of NERICA into an Upland Farming System and its Impacts on Farmers’ Income::A Case Study of Namulonge in Central Uganda
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Using data collected from farmers in Central Uganda, this paper looks into how NERICA (New Rice for Africa) was introduced into a multiple-cropping upland farming system and what impacts it had on farmers’ income. NERICA was introduced into the traditional cropping pattern of the banana-coffee system by replacing mainly maize and sweet potato, resulting in an increase in cropping intensity and bringing hitherto uncultivated land into cultivation. After nearly a decade since its dissemination began, strong enthusiasm to adopt NERICA still remains among upland farmers in the study area, large and small farmers alike. The incidence of land leasing is increasing mainly to grow NERICA. Behind such enthusiasm is the high profitability resulting from NERICA production. This paper makes it clear that NERICA’s high-yielding characteristic was realized in farmers’ fields such that the profitability of NERICA production was highest among the upland crops grown in the study area, in spite of its higher input requirements relative to other crops, resulting in substantial increases in farmers’ household income. Thanks to the pro-smallholder nature of NERICA technology, this income increase was particularly distinct for smallholders. The introduction of NERICA increases their crop income by 40 to 60%, contributing to ameliorating the income distribution in the study area.
- Tropical Agriculture and Development
Tropical Agriculture and Development 57(2), 61-73, 2013
Japanese Society for Tropical Agriculture