近世竹田における城下町設計の論理  [in Japanese] THE DESIGN PRINCIPLE OF THE CASTLE TOWN TAKETA  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 金井 雄太
    • 西日本旅客鉄道株式会社 金沢支社 富山地域鉄道部
    • 福井 恒明
    • 法政大学 デザイン工学部都市環境デザイン工学科

Abstract

近世に岡城の城下町として建設された大分県竹田には,城下町の町割の大部分が現在まで残っている.この竹田において,絵図および文献から,設計論理の解明を試みた.城下町建設以前の土地利用,街区や屋敷割,城下町の変化などを分析・考察した結果,竹田城下町は巨視的に見れば他の城下町と同様の碁盤の目の構造を取りながら,細部は微地形に則した設計がなされていたことがわかった.また,厳しい地形的制約の中で城下町を拡大するため,周囲の農地を城下町に組み入れる,寺院を城下町外へ移転させてその跡地を利用する,街区の寸法そのものを拡大する,などの手法が採られていたことがわかった.

 In TAKETA, constructed in the end of 16th century as the castle town of OKA castle, the old street network has almost remained, and so we tried to reveal the design principle of the castle town TAKETA. As the discussion about the city planning is now taking place, we think we can offer some useful information on the original design of TAKETA town. So, our research mainly focused on the relationship between micro landscape and the structure of the castle town.<br> The following points are clarified as the results: 1) The position of streets is based on the micro topography. The main streets ("Hommachi-Dori and Uwamachi-Dori") is on the micro highland and the substreet ("Yokomachi-Dori") is on the micro lowland. However, the macro street network is almost the same as other castle towns constructed in the same age. 2) In order to expand the castle town in the narrow basin, the land use was changed gradually. For about 70 years after the castle town was constructed, the town expanded to some areas which were not included to it and which were used as farmlands. In addition, the position of some streets could have been changed in order to expand some city blocks, and the size of the city blocks was also enlarged.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D1 (Architecture of Infrastructure and Environment)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D1 (Architecture of Infrastructure and Environment) 69(1), 1-12, 2013

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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