自己評価制度導入のもとでの自治体の政策評価実態-まちづくり交付金における評価指標数値の設定とその乖離-  [in Japanese] LOCAL GOVERNMENT POLICY EVALUATION UNDER THE NEW SELFEVALUATION SYSTEM —CREATION AND THE DIVERGENCE OF NUMERICAL TARGETS FOR EVALUATION INDICATORS IN COMMUNITY RENOVATION GRANTS—  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

地方分権化が進み,同時に諸政策に対してPDCAで対応することが一般化しつつある.すなわち,自治体にとって各種多様な政策分野に対し,自分で目標を定め,そして自分でそれを評価するという新たな状況が生まれている.このような自己評価によるPDCAの蓄積が果たして適切な諸政策の実施に広くつながるかどうかの吟味は不十分である.本論文ではまちづくりの多分野にわたって広く全国で活用され,PDCAをその要件とするまちづくり交付金を取り上げ,自治体の自己評価の傾向を網羅的に見ることでこの課題に応えることを試みる.評価時点における実際の評価値と目標値の差を乖離係数として新たに定義して分析を行った結果,政策分野によって評価指標の採用状況や達成状況に特徴的な傾向と課題が見られることが初めて示された.

Along with promoting the decentralization of power, it is becoming common to address policies using Plan-Do-Check-Action (PDCA): a new situation has been created for local governments to set their own targets for policies in various areas independently and to evaluate themselves. Sufficient studies have not been performed to elucidate whether the accumulation of PDCA by this self-evaluation actually engenders proper implementation of policies. This study examines community renovation grants, which are used in various fields of community design throughout Japan and which have held PDCA as the requirement, and answers the question by examining trends toward self-evaluation of local governments comprehensively. We define the difference between an actual evaluation value and a target value as of the evaluation date as a divergence coefficient and analyzed them. Results show for the first time reported, the distinctive trends and problems in adaption and achievement of evaluation indicators depending on policy areas.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management) 68(5), I_45-I_54, 2012

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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