持続可能性指標の継続実態に関する研究  [in Japanese] CURRENT STATUS OF CONTINUITY CONCERNING SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

持続可能性を高めていくためには,適切な評価指標を継続して用いる事が必要不可欠であると考えられる.本研究では,持続可能性指標の取り組みが進んだ複数の国を対象に,経年的な指標の変遷を分析し,各指標の継続性を明らかにした.この結果,持続可能性の解釈が,当初重視されていた環境面から社会面へと変わったことが,指標の変遷から定量的に示された.加えて,指標の改訂によって一国での改善が困難な経済面の指標が削減され,政府の施策で改善が可能な社会面の指標が継続して用いられていることが明らかとなった.更に個別に見ると,政治的影響を受けて指標が利用されなくなる国や,当初設定された指標の目標値が削除されてしまう国があることが明らかとなった.

 Using an appropriate indicator continuously is regarded as necessary to achieve sustainability. In this study, countries that show progress in indicators of sustainability were chosen for examination. The change of the indicators over time was analyzed, revealing the current status of continuity for each indicator. Results show that the interpretation of sustainability has shifted from environmental aspects, which were emphasized at first, to social aspects. That shift was confirmed quantitatively by examination of the history of the indicators. Furthermore, along with revision of the indicators, economic indicators for which scores are difficult to improve solely by a country's own efforts were cut back, although social indicators that can be improved through government policies have been used continuously. Further examination of each country reveals that countries quit using indicators because of political pressure. Countries that deleted their initial target values of indicators were identified.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. G (Environmental Research)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. G (Environmental Research) 68(6), II_403-II_410, 2012

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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