<b>地域SNS </b><b>の連携による東日本大震災被災地支援 </b>:大震災「村つぎリレー」  [in Japanese] <b>Relief activities for victims of the Great East-Japan Earthquake by collaboration among regional SNS</b>:An attempt of the village-to-village relay  [in Japanese]

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<tt> 本論文では、江戸時代の「村継ぎ」制度をヒントにして考案された被災地救援システム「村つぎリレー」を、その実施経験を含めて報告する。「村つぎリレー」とは、地域</tt>SNS <tt>を「村」に見立てて、村から村へと救援物資を追加しつつ運搬することによって、被災地まで救援物資を搬送するシステムである。本論文では、東日本大震災(</tt>2011 <tt>年</tt>3 <tt>月</tt>11 <tt>日)の翌月に、広島県尾道市に始まるリレーで、岩手県盛岡市まで救援物資を運搬した「村つぎリレー」第</tt>1 <tt>弾と、震災の約半年後に、群馬県桐生市に始まるリレーで、宮城県気仙沼市まで救援物資を運搬した「村つぎリレー」第</tt>2 <tt>弾について、詳細に報告する。</tt><br><tt> 「村つぎリレー」の経験から、次のような有用性が確認された</tt> ---- <tt>①「村つぎリレー」は、被災地から遠い地域の人々でも救援活動に軽い負担で参加することを可能にする。②「村つぎリレー」では、被災地と連携をとりつつ、その都度ニーズを聞いて支援物資を集めて被災地へ届けることによって、被災者のニーズに合致した救援活動を行うことができる。</tt><br><tt> 「村つぎリレー」は、災害が発生した地域に応じて、リレーのノードと進行方向を変えることによって、柔軟に救援ルートを設定することを可能にする。また、ルート沿いの多数の人々が救援に参加することをも可能にする。</tt>

This paper reports a new method of relief activity for victims in an area affected by natural disaster, which was invented by referring to the village-to-village relay system in the Edo period (1600-1867). In the system, a patient was brought from one village to another village by villagers and was finally brought to a medical doctor living in a distant village. In our study, people participating in a regional SNS are regarded as a village and relief goods are brought from one regional SNS community to another until they arrived at a victimized area. Two practices of the village-to-village we carried out for victims of the Great East-Japan Earthquake, March 2011, are reported in details, i.e. the first attempt implemented in the next month of the Earthquake to bring relief goods from Onomich city, Hiroshima prefecture, to Morioka city, Iwate prefecture, by driving 1,500 km, and the second attempt implemented about half a year after the Earthquake to bring relief goods from Kiryu city, Gunma prefecture, to Kesen'numa city, Miyagi prefecture. <br>   The village-to-village method was found useful in two points. First, it enables people living far away from an affected area but living in an area through which relief goods were brought, to participate in relief activities without much burden. Second, it is possible to meet victims' demand by transmitting information from a regional SNS located near the affected area to the one from which the relay starts. <br>   It was suggested that the method made it possible to develop a route toward an affected area flexibly by changing nodes and directions of a route of relay depending on where a disaster occurs. Also, the method can make it possible for many people living along the route of relay to participate in relief activities.

Journal

  • Journal of Group Dynamics

    Journal of Group Dynamics 30(0), 283-299, 2013

    Japan Institute for Group Dynamics

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