本学近隣小学校におけるフッ化物配合歯磨剤の利用状況  [in Japanese] The Use of Fluoride Toothpaste in a Primary School near the Univ ersity Dental Hospital  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 倉重 多栄 Kurashige Tae
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部口腔構造機能発育学系小児歯科学分野 Department of Oral Growth and Development, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 広瀬 弥奈 Hirose Mina
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部口腔構造機能発育学系小児歯科学分野 Department of Oral Growth and Development, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 八幡 祥子 Yahata Shoko
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部口腔構造機能発育学系小児歯科学分野 Department of Oral Growth and Development, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 松本 大輔 Matsumoto Daisuke
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部口腔構造機能発育学系小児歯科学分野 Department of Oral Growth and Development, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 九津見 茂子 Kutsumi Shigeko
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部口腔構造機能発育学系小児歯科学分野 Department of Oral Growth and Development, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido
    • 五十嵐 清治 Igarashi Seiji
    • 北海道医療大学歯学部口腔構造機能発育学系小児歯科学分野 Department of Oral Growth and Development, Division of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido

Abstract

学齢期におけるフッ化物配合歯磨剤の使用状況を把握するために,本学近隣小学校の1~6年生の児童181名を対象に,質問紙による調査を行い,以下の結論を得た。<BR>1.フッ化物配合歯磨剤の使用割合は,本研究対象者全体の82.3%で,健康日本21の学齢期における目標値である90%に7.7ポイント少なかった。<BR>2.歯磨剤の使用量は,歯ブラシの刷毛部の「1/3~2/3」が46.8%と最多を示したが,「1/3まで」と答えた者も43%であった。これらの量は,6歳以上の小児への適正使用量より少ないと判断された。また,高学年になるほど歯磨剤を「子供自身」でつける者が多かった。<BR>3.洗口回数については,2回以内が推奨されているが,「3回」と答えた者が70.3%と最多を示した。<BR>4.歯磨剤を選択する理由(複数回答)としては,「虫歯予防のため」が22.2%,「フッ素が入っているから」が18.4%であり上位を示した。<BR>5.歯磨剤を使用していない保護者では,「今まで使用したことがない」,「泡立ちにより長く磨けない」との理由が多かった。<BR>以上のことより,今後の齲蝕予防を推進するに当たっては保護者のみならず学齢期の小児に対してもフッ化物配合歯磨剤の使用を強力に推奨するとともに,正しい使用法を啓蒙していく必要性が示唆された。

The use of fluoride toothpaste was surveyed using a questionnaire regarding 181 primary school children from 1 st to 6th grade in a primary school near the University Dental Hospital. The purpose of the study was to promote the use of fluoride toothpaste among primary school children. The survey was carried out from June to July,2006 using a questionnaire prepared by the Committee for the Promotion of Fluoride Use of the Japanese Society for Dental Health, and the results were as follows.<BR>1. The rate of fluoride toothpaste usage among all of the children was 82.3%. This result indicates that the rate of fluoride toothpaste usage was 7.7 points lower than the“Kenkou Nippon 21”target figure (more than 90%) proposed by the Ministry of Welfare and Health in 2000. Because of this, we must urge increased usage of fluoride toothpaste.<BR>2. Forty-three percent of the subjects used an amount of toothpaste equivalent to size of the 1/3 of the toothbrush head. Also,43.7% of the subjects rinsed their mouth more than 3 times following toothbrushing.<BR>3. Most of the reasons given for the selection of toothpaste were“for dental caries prevention”.<BR>4. The reasons given by parents for not using toothpaste were“never having used toothpaste”,“cannot brush for a few minutes because of bubbles”.<BR>We concluded that accurate and adequ ate information targeting not only parents but also children is necessary to promote the appropriate use of fluoride toothpaste for prevention of dental caries in children.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Pediatric Dentistry

    The Japanese Journal of Pediatric Dentistry 45(4), 521-530, 2007

    The Japanese Society of Pediatric Dentistry

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