未成年者喫煙防止対策評価のための成人式における喫煙率調査の試み A TRIAL OF A SMOKING RATE SURVEY USING THE COMING-OF-AGE CEREMONY FOR EVALUATING ACTION PLANS TO PREVENT TOBACCO USE IN THE YOUNG

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著者

    • 関 奈緒 SEKI Nao
    • 新潟大学大学院医歯学総合研究科国際感染医学講座公衆衛生学分野 Division of Public Health, Department of Infectious Disease Control and International Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences
    • 関島 香代子 SEKIJIMA Kayoko
    • 新潟大学大学院医歯学総合研究科国際感染医学講座公衆衛生学分野 Division of Public Health, Department of Infectious Disease Control and International Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences
    • 田辺 直仁 TANABE Naohito
    • 新潟大学大学院医歯学総合研究科地域予防医学講座健康増進医学分野 Division of Health Promotion, Department of Community Preventive Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences
    • 鈴木 宏 SUZUKI Hiroshi
    • 新潟大学大学院医歯学総合研究科国際感染医学講座公衆衛生学分野 Division of Public Health, Department of Infectious Disease Control and International Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences

抄録

<b>目的</b> 成人式における喫煙率調査を試行し,未成年者喫煙防止対策の基礎値把握および長期評価指標としての実用性を考察する。<br/><b>対象および方法</b> 学校・地域保健連携による包括的地域たばこ対策を推進している新潟県 A 村(人口約6,500人)とその近隣の B 町(同12,000人)を対象地区とした。平成14年度に 2 地域の公的行事である成人式に出席した新成人(A 村69人,B 町118人)を対象に,現在の喫煙状況,初喫煙年齢,喫煙常習化年齢(A 村のみ),出身小学校等を無記名自記式アンケートにより調査した。<br/><b>結果</b> A 村の男女別新成人喫煙率は,男性68.0%,女性48.6%,かつその約 9 割は毎日喫煙者であり,喫煙者の 7 割以上が未成年期で常習化を来していた。B 町の新成人喫煙率もほぼ同様の結果であった。なお,高校生を対象とした喫煙率調査のみでは未成年者喫煙率が20%程度低く見積もられる可能性が示唆された。<br/><b>結論</b> 成人式を活用した喫煙率調査は,未成年者喫煙防止対策の基礎値把握および長期評価の簡便な指標として実用可能である。

<b>Purpose</b> To assess a smoking rate survey using the coming-of-age ceremony to examine the practicality for estimating the under twenties' smoking rate as a baseline and a long term assessment index for action plans to prevent smoking in the young.<br/><b>Methods</b> We undertook the survey at village A (with a population of about 6,500) and town B (with about 12,000 residents) in Niigata Prefecture. Village A started a comprehensive anti-smoking policy featuring cooperation between schools and the community. Subjects were twenty-year young adults (69 in village A and 118 in town B) who attended rural coming-of-age ceremonies in 2002. The self-rated questionnaire included smoking habits, age of first smoking experience, and age of becoming a regular smoker (only in village A).<br/><b>Results</b> Smoking rates were 68.0% for men and 48.6% for women in village A. Of these, approximately 90% smoked daily and more than 70% became regular smokers before the age of 20. Smoking rates in town B were similar. The results were about 20% higher than found by a smoking rate survey performed at high schools.<br/><b>Conclusion</b> Smoking rate surveys at coming-of-age ceremonies offer a practical and easy approach to estimate under twenties' smoking rate and assess the effects of smoking prevention strategies among the young.

収録刊行物

  • 日本公衆衛生雑誌

    日本公衆衛生雑誌 51(4), 252-256, 2004

    日本公衆衛生学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130004687012
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0546-1766
  • データ提供元
    J-STAGE 
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