Visual Findings of <sup>18</sup>F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Patients with Cardiac Sarcoidosis

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Author(s)

    • Ito Kimiteru
    • Department of Radiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital and Institute of Gerontology, Japan
    • Okazaki Osamu
    • Department of Cardiology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan
    • Morooka Miyako
    • Department of Nuclear Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan
    • Kubota Kazuo
    • Department of Nuclear Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan
    • Minamimoto Ryogo
    • Department of Nuclear Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan
    • Hiroe Michiaki
    • Department of Cardiology, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan

Abstract

<b>Objective</b> The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) activity according to the classified visual uptake pattern using <sup>18</sup>F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and assess the uptake pattern based on the free fatty acid (FFA) levels.<br> <b>Methods</b> Nineteen CS subjects who underwent <sup>18</sup>F-FDG PET/CT examinations with heparin loading (HL) were recruited to evaluate their CS activity. The <sup>18</sup>F-FDG uptake in the heart was classified into five categories ("none," "diffuse" and "diffuse at base," regarded as stable CS, and "focal" and "focal on diffuse," regarded as de novo or worsening CS). The subject data were compared with the <sup>18</sup>F-FDG PET/CT findings in 13 healthy volunteers. The FFA serum levels were assessed in 10 patients with CS and all volunteers.<br> <b>Results</b> The sensitivity and specificity of <sup>18</sup>F-FDG PET/CT with HL were 75% (6/8) and 73% (8/11), respectively. The major pattern of cardiac <sup>18</sup>F-FDG uptake was "diffuse at base." Ten of the 32 subjects, including the control group, exhibited this pattern. The FFA serum levels before heparin administration were statistically significantly different between the patients with the "none" pattern and those with the "diffuse" and "diffuse at base" patterns. There were no significant correlations between the FFA serum levels after heparin administration and the <sup>18</sup>F-FDG uptake patterns.<br> <b>Conclusion</b> "Diffuse at base" is the major <sup>18</sup>F-FDG uptake pattern associated with inadequate physiologic <sup>18</sup>F-FDG suppression. This pattern should be carefully interpreted when examining the <sup>18</sup>F-FDG PET/CT images of CS patients. Additionally, increased FFAs levels associated with HL may not completely suppress the physiologic myocardial FDG uptake.<br>

Journal

  • Internal Medicine

    Internal Medicine 53(18), 2041-2049, 2014

    The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine

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