学校の中の発達性協調運動障害について:視覚効率から見た読みの問題  [in Japanese] On Developmental Coordination Disorder in School Children:Problems with Visual Efficiency in Reading  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

知的能力や言語に遅れがなく, また主要な感覚の障害あるいは麻痺などの運動機能に関わる疾患がないにも関わらず, 運動技能に困難さを示す子どもたちがいる。このような障害は発達性協調運動障害 (DCD) と呼ばれ, 子どもの学習や日常生活において問題を生じさせている。従来から「不器用」という言葉で認識されていたこの障害が, 公式の国際的な分類体系の中で, 独立した障害として認識されるようになったのは, ごく最近になってからである。本稿では, 特に, DCDの学習への影響として, 眼球の協調運動の問題と読み能力について言及し, 読みに問題がある子どもの半数以上に眼球の協調運動の問題が確認されたという調査結果を紹介した。さらに, このような協調運動における問題が2次的に自己認知や社会的有能感の低下を生じさせるという報告もあり, 一人ひとりに応じた心理教育的援助の必要性が大きいと考える。

There are children who show difficulties in motion functions although they are not backward in intellectual ability or language, and they do not have a disease related to motion functions including important sense disorder or paralysis, etc. This disorder is called Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), which causes troubles in learning and everyday activity of children. It has been the latest that the disorder recognized as the word “clumsy” up to now came to be recognized as an independent disorder among international official classification system.<BR>In this paper, as an influence to DCD learning, we will mention about cooperative motion problems of eyeballs and reading ability and we will introduce research results that it is confirmed that more than half of children with difficulty in reading ability have problems with cooperative motion of an eyeball. In addition, it is reported that the problems with these cooperative motions cause a decline secondly in self recognition or social competence, and we think psychological education support is greatly necessary for each one.

Journal

  • The Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan

    The Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan 43(0), 166-175, 2004

    The Japanese Association of Educational Psychology

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