思考モデル型ノート記法におけるエキスパートと初心者の視線移動の違いについての考察 Differences in Eye Movements between Experienced and Novice Readers of a Diagram-Based Notetaking Method
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In this article, we report the differences in eye movement between experts and novices<br> in "Mind Map," a graphical note-taking method. Using a total of six different mind<br> maps, we examine how subjects' eye movements followed the basic structure of each<br> Mind Map stimulus. Each subject was asked to comprehend the content of the mind<br>maps on a display. By using an eye-tracker built into the display, we were able to obtain<br> both subjects' gaze information and eye-movements without restraining their natural<br> observing behavior.<br> Our findings indicate that while novices observe the mind map on a branch-to-branch<br> basis, as if they were following the note-taking process itself, experts first browse key<br> information located around the central image of the note, then move onto more de<br>tailed content. That is, while novice Mind Mappers thoroughly scan entire branches<br> attached to a trunk, and then shift their attention to the next trunk, experienced Mind<br> Mappers first browse the trunk, possibly to obtain a general idea of what the mind map<br> is about, then shift their attention to detailed branches. This appears as though they<br> were spontaneously building their own table-of-contents.
- Cognitive Studies
Cognitive Studies 19(4), 418-433, 2012
Japanese Cognitive Science Society